Deploying Information and Communication Technology for Effective Electrical Supply.
One of the bedrocks of any socio-economic developmental plan is the power sectors which support many others including healthcare, entrepreneurial, academics and manufacturing. The power sector in Nigeria originally sub sectioned into generation, transmission and distribution has undergone several hypothetical shifts in the recent past. The ineffective and almost collapsing power system and infrastructure can be attributed to poor equipment maintenance culture, lack of monitoring and surveillance, ineffective metering and billing system and vandalisation of gadgets. The deployment of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the form of the smart grid which encompasses all forms of management, monitoring and maintenance of the power facilities has completely and effectively evolutionised this sector in its attempt to satisfy consumers or the end users. The ICT –powered smart grid can intelligently observe the status of power supply, detects faults, clear errors, anticipate problems from both natural and man made sources, make rational decisions and improve the sustainability of the system which was formally mamually carried out. In order to make electricity utility more sustainable, ICT is integrated with electric power network systems and has become significant in the consumption and distribution of power. Some of the areas where ICT have been deployed include automated meter reading, remote disconnect and reconnect technology, monitoring and evaluation of power outage, capacitor control, demand response, and phase measurement units. This paper reviews the role of ICT in the power sector through literature and makes relevant recommendations as well as newly adoptable techniques in resolving the challenges of power supply in Nigeria. Keywords: Electricity, power sector, ICT, smart grid, energy consumption, Nigeria
Authors Name: Aniogbolu, C. A. and Ogonwa, J. I.