Taurine and coenzyme Q10 synergistically prevent and reverse chlorpromazine-induced psycho-neuroendocrine changes and cataleptic behavior in rats

Over the years, mounting evidences have suggested a strong association between chronic chlorpromazine therapy, a popular first?generation antipsychotic drug, and psycho-neuroendocrine changes. In this study, we aim to examine whether treatment with taurine and coenzyme Q10 (COQ-10), compounds with steroidogenic-gonadotropin hormone-enhancing properties, can attenuate the negative impacts of chlorpromazine on steroidogenic, gonadotropin, thyroid and HPA-axis hormones, dopamine levels, catalepsy behavior and neuronal cells of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland in the preventive and reversal treatments in male Wister rats. In the drug treatment alone or preventive protocol, ratsreceived oral administration of saline (10 mL/kg), taurine (150 mg/kg/day), COQ-10 (10 mg/kg/day), or both (taurine COQ-10/day) alone for 56 consecutive days, or in combination with oral chlorpromazine (30 mg/kg/day) treatment from days 29 to 56. In the reversal protocol, the animals received chlorpromazine or saline for 56 days prior to taurine, COQ-10, or the combination from days 29 to 56. Thereafter, serum prolactin, steroidogenic (testosterone, estrogen, progesterone), gonadotropin (lutein?izing hormone, LH, follicle-stimulating hormone, FSH), thyroid (thyrotropin-stimulating hormone, tetraiodothyronine, triiodothyronine) hormones, corticosterone, brain dopamine levels and cataleptic behavior were investigated. The histopathological features of the hypo?thalamus and pituitary gland were also evaluated. Taurine, COQ-10, or their combination prevented and reversed chlorpromazine?induced hyperprolactinemia, decrease in FSH, LH, testosterone, progesterone and dopamine concentrations, as well as the increase in estrogen levels. Taurine and COQ-10 reduced the changes in thyroid hormones, corticosterone release, histological distortions of the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland of chlorpromazine-treated rats. Taurine and COQ-10 attenuated chlorpromazine-induced catalepsy. The study showed that taurine and COQ-10 prevented and reversed chlorpromazine-induced changes in reproductive, thyroid hormones, dopamine level, corticosterone release, neurodegenerations, and cataleptic behavior in rats. Keywords Taurine . Coenzyme QIO . Hyperprolactinemia . Hormones . Dopamine . Corticosterone

  • Authors Name: Mega O. Oyovwi1,2

  • Email: tesi.edesiri@mydspg.edu.ng