Prevention and reversal of chlorpromazine induced testicular dysfunction in rats by synergistic testicle-active flavonoids, taurine and coenzyme-10
Evidences have shown that alterations in testicular dehydrogenase and ionic-ATPase activities have important implications in spermatogenesis and sperm capacitation, a penultimate biochemical change required for fertilization. Previous studies have revealed that taurine and coenzyme-Q10 (COQ-10), synergistic testicle-active bioflavonoids, with proven gonadotropin-enhancing properties reduced testicular damage in rats. Hence, this study investigated the effects of taurine and COQ-10 or their combination alone, and in the preventive and reversal of chlorpromazine-induced inhibition of testicular dehydrogenase enzymes, electrogenic pumps, sperm capacitation and acrosomal-reaction in male Wister rats. In the drug-treatment alone or preventive-protocol, rats received oral treatment of saline (10?mL/kg), taurine (150?mg/kg/day), COQ-10 (10?mg/kg/day) or both alone repeatedly for 56 days, or in combination with chlorpromazine (30?mg/kg/p.o./day) from days 29-56. In the reversal-protocol, the animals received chlorpromazine for 56 days prior to saline, taurine, COQ-10 or the combination from days 29-56. Thereafter, spermatogenesis (sperm count, viability, motility and morphology), testicular dehydrogenase [3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3ß-HSD), 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17ß-HSD), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), lactate dehydrogenase-X (LDH-X)], ATPase (Na /K , Ca2 , Mg2 , H ) activities, sperm capacitation and acrosomal reaction were evaluated. Taurine and COQ-10 or their combination increased spermatogenesis, testicular 3ß-HSD, 17ß-HSD, G6PDH and LDH-X enzymes of naïve and chlorpromazine-treated rats. Both taurine and COQ-10 increased Na /K , Ca2 , Mg2 and H -ATPase activities. Also, taurine and COQ-10 or their combination prevented and reversed chlorpromazine-induced inhibition of sperm capacitation and acrosomal-reaction. The study showed that taurine and COQ-10 prevent and reverse chlorpromazine-induced inhibition of spermatogenesis, epididymal sperm capacitation and acrosomal reaction in rats through increased testicular dehydrogenases and electrogenic pump activities.
Authors Name: Mega O.Oyovwia, Eze K.Nwangwa, BennethBen-Azu, Rume A.Rotue, Tesi P.Edesiri, EmojevweVictor, John C.Igweh, Uruaka I.Christian